An explainable proxy model for multilabel audio segmentation Théo Mariotte, Antonio Almudévar, Marie Tahon, Alfonso Ortega


LIUM - Laboratoire d'Informatique de l'Université du Mans

ViVoLab, Aragón Institute for Engineering Research (I3A), University of Zaragoza, Spain


Contact: theo.mariotte{@}univ-lemans.fr




Audio signal segmentation is a key task for automatic audio indexing. It consists of detecting the boundaries of class-homogeneous segments in the signal. In many applications, explainable AI is a vital process for transparency of decision-making with machine learning.

In this paper, we propose an explainable multilabel segmentation model that solves speech activity (SAD), music (MD), noise (ND), and overlapped speech detection (OSD) simultaneously. This proxy uses the non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) to map the embeddings used for the segmentation to the frequency domain. Experiments conducted on two datasets show similar performances as the pre-trained black box model while strong explainable features arise. Specifically, the frequency bins used for the decision can be easily identified at both the segment level (local explanations) and global level (class prototypes). 


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